Rainer E. Zimmermann

Diskursive Aberration als Grundlage des Gelingens.
Zur existentialistischen Ethik bei Sartre

The human communicative discourse is essentially based on an intrinsic falling short of meaning if not failing altogether which is originating within the conceptual gap between the pre-reflexive and the reflexive cogitos. At the same time, this gap is causing a generic necessity for unfolding interpretational models of evaluating an ongoing discourse and embedding it into a given contextual meaning by constructive methods which clearly resemble a certain type of surgery. Hence, showing up as nothing but an anthropological property of human systems and thus of communicational networks as well as social spaces, this sort of aberration (this expression being visualized here as a metaphorical analogue to an appropriate phenomenon in physical optics) turns out to be a necessary though not sufficient condition for the possibility of eventually establishing a succeeding discourse after all, in the first place – rather than pointing to complete failure. It can be shown that it is this necessary failing as condition of the possibility of success that Sartre establishes as prime foundation of ethics – in a genuinely dialectical sense indeed. This is the reason for concluding that Sartre’s existential ethics is not only a constitutive ingredient of all of his works, but that it is also an insurmountable merit of a hermeneutic approach which directly points to what cannot propositionally resolved at all, very much in the sense of the ancient Heraclitean argument on the structural meta-stability of social systems.